Heart attack survival: How to avoid another and live long

Many of my patients ask me if a heart attack affects their longevity. They contemplate future steps. I advise them that their attitude toward medicine, follow-ups, lifestyle changes, and exercise determines their future. Monitor the heart and check for red flags to keep it working despite remedial operations.

Heart attack survivors must realize that risk factors such diabetes, hypertension, obesity, CKD, poor cholesterol, and stress caused their attack. They'd got too far away.

Interventions like stents fix the immediate condition, but reversing co-morbidities takes time. Once parameters are safe, they must be maintained over time.

If you don't have diabetes after a heart attack, it might develop silently over time. Microvascular dysfunction can damage tiny blood arteries feeding the heart, kidneys, and retina. Over time, they become greater issues. Macrovascular problems from silent diabetes can affect larger arteries and cause heart, brain, and limb plaques. After an incident, patients must avoid diabetes since it predisposes them to another episode.

Start cardiac rehabilitation, a three-month outpatient program of medically supervised exercise, three times a week. One research revealed that cardiac rehab reduced recurring heart attacks by 47%. Another study revealed cardiac rehab participants had a 42% lower eight-year mortality rate.

Your heart, cholesterol (statins), and blood pressure medications help you bounce back. If your cholesterol is hard to regulate and you're at danger, you may be given PCSK9 inhibitors.

Your likelihood of experiencing a second heart attack is significantly increased if you are overweight. If you want to be healthy, your body mass index (BMI) should be between 18.5 and 24.9.

Maintaining a record of your health and progress in recovery is not a short-term commitment but rather an ongoing practice. Therefore, it is recommended that you go to see your cardiologist.Drugs may be needed for hereditary hypertriglyceridemia. Next, your doctor will prescribe fibrates. The Indian medication Saroglitazar dramatically lowers triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, and raises HDL cholesterol. Fasting plasma glucose and HBA1c (three-month average blood sugar counts) decrease. Omega-3s and nicotinic acid may be suggested. High triglycerides can result from birth control drugs, steroids, diuretics, and immunosuppressants.eak down and don't spike sugar levels after meals.

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