Visceral fat has inflammatory substances that may cause persistent inflammation. 

Visceral fat, which surrounds internal organs in the abdomen, is metabolically active and releases inflammatory chemicals. The production of these inflammatory chemicals from visceral fat can cause persistent inflammation.

Chronic low-grade inflammation is linked to the development and progression of many chronic illnesses.

Signaling molecules called cytokines are released by visceral fat cells to regulate immune responses. TNF-alpha and IL-6 are pro-inflammatory cytokines. High doses of these cytokines can cause persistent inflammation.

Chemokines: Chemical carriers that direct immune cells to specific areas. Chemokines recruit immune cells to visceral fat, causing inflammation.

Visceral fat releases free fatty acids into the circulation. High free fatty acid levels can cause insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, and other inflammatory diseases.

Some fat tissue hormones, called adipokines, are pro-inflammatory. Excess leptin, which regulates appetite, and resistin, which regulates insulin resistance, can cause inflammation.

Chronic inflammation from visceral fat affects more than just adipose tissue. Chronic inflammation increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and inflammatory illnesses.

Lifestyle changes including regular exercise, a healthy diet, and weight management reduce visceral fat, which reduces chronic inflammation and health risks. For personalized advice on inflammation or abdominal obesity, speak with healthcare professionals.

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